The Mymensingh Municipality was one of the oldest towns established in 1869 having area 21.73 Sq. KM. It is situated on the right bank of the old river Brahmaputra. The Pourashava belongs to A-1 Category and divided into 21 wards. It lies between the 24043' and 24045'north latitude and 90023' and 90025' east longitude. Mymensingh is the regional hub of the surrounding six districts like Tangail, Mymensingh, Sherpur, Netrokona, Jamalpur and Kishoreganj and Mymensingh Pourashava is located in the zila headquarters of Mymensingh. It is 120 km far from the capital city Dhaka. The communication channels with the capital city and other part of the country both road and railway is easier from here.
Mymensingh is one of the rapidly growing and densely populated secondary towns of Bangladesh, with an estimated present population of 0.475 million in the municipal area and average family size is 5.6 (ADB et. al., 2004). About 60.4 percent population of the Pourashava is literate, of which 66.4 percent are male and 53.4 percent are female (LGED et. al. 2002). The principle occupations of the adult males in the Pourashava are in the business and service areas.
Mymensingh town is situated on the right bank of the old Brahmaputra river, which was the original course of the Brahmaputra until over 200 years ago. The Mymensingh Pourashava was established in the year 1869. It was named Nasirabad municipality in 1905 and as Mymensingh Municipal Committee in 1960. In 1972, according to the Bangladesh Local Councils and Municipal Committees (Amendment) order 1972, Mymensingh Municipal Committee was replaced by a pourashava. At present Mymensingh pourashava covers an area of 21.73 sq. km and consists of 21 wards and 85 Mahallahs (Pourashava Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh 1998-99). According to 2001 census report the population was 225811.The Pourashava belongs to category ‘A-1’ class.
Average monthly minimum temperature of Mymensingh town is 11.8°C occurring in January and the monthly average highest temperature is around 33°C. It is located in an area of relatively high rainfall with an annual rainfall ranging from 1,711 mm to 4,166 mm (average 2,666 mm). While regular flooding has occurred in Mymensingh, the town is vulnerable to occasional flooding. Internal drainage of the town is in a north to south direction towards the Aqua canal. Unfortunately, the canal’s efficiency to function as a drain is hampered by noticeable encroachment of buildings and disposal of solid waste. (ADB, et.al. 2004)